4 Meals Preservation Strategies Widespread to African Delicacies

For a whole bunch of years, meals on the African continent has been preserved with out the advantage of refrigeration. How? This text describes 4 widespread meals preservation strategies in Africa.

1. Solar drying

For a lot of Africans, the solar is a crucial think about meals preservation. Shortly after harvest, grains corresponding to millet, maize, sorghum, inexperienced gram and wheat, and legumes corresponding to beans and peas are unfold out within the solar to dry. If dried utterly from moisture, these meals can final a really very long time – typically years – if saved in a cool, dry place away from pests.

Most households had a granary constructed excessive above the bottom, the place foodstuffs have been saved. Along with drying, it was additionally widespread to use wooden ash to legumes corresponding to beans and peas to discourage insect infestation. The ash might simply be washed off earlier than cooking the legumes.

Various kinds of greens, tubers and fish can be efficiently preserved on this method. Tubers corresponding to cassava or candy potato might must be reduce into high-quality items to facilitate drying.

2. Smoking

Smoking is one other essential methodology of meals preservation. Previously, after searching, hunters smoked giant portions of meat to facilitate transportation house, and likewise to protect it. Smoking of sport meat was widespread, whereas home animals have been usually eaten contemporary after slaughter.

Smoking fish remains to be a vital methodology of preserving fish, used throughout the continent.

3. Salting

Salt was usually utilized to foodstuffs to be able to protect them, together with sun-drying and smoking. Many anglers liberally salt the fish earlier than sun-drying or smoking it, to additional enhance the possibilities of it not decomposing. Salting was additionally utilized to some greens in the course of the sun-drying course of.

4. Use grease

Some communities used fat to protect meals. These have been primarily communities that stored animals, corresponding to nomadic communities. For instance, among the many Somalis, when a camel was slaughtered, among the meat was cooked in beneficiant quantities of fats and salt. It was then saved for future use. The meat remained secure for human consumption as a result of giant quantities of fats through which it was cooked and saved, and the salt.

Many components of Africa nonetheless lack {the electrical} infrastructure wanted for sustainable refrigeration. Conventional strategies of meals preservation proceed to play an important function in preserving edible meals for thousands and thousands of individuals.

These strategies, corresponding to sun-drying, smoking, salting, and utilizing fats, haven’t solely stood the take a look at of time, however are additionally cheap and sturdy with out requiring an excessive amount of power.